Prof. José Zofio

José Zofio

(external) researcher
Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)
Erasmus University Rotterdam


I am Professor of Economics at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, and former Chair of the Department of Economics (Economic Theory and Economic History). Currently, I am also visiting scholar at the Erasmus University, and fellow to the Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), where I collaborate with several scholars from the Rotterdam School of Management.

My research interests lay on the general field of Microeconomics. Particularly Economic Measurement (Index Numbers and Duality Theory), Productivity and Efficiency analysis (Data Envelopment Analysis and Stochastic Frontier Analysis), Economic Geography and Spatial Economics (New Economic Geography and New Trade Theory), Transport Economics (Infrastructure and Accessibility), and Cultural and Institutional Economics (Copyright industries). My applied research relates to the areas of Regional and Urban Economics, Environmental Economics and Industrial Organization, using both Operations Research (mathematical optimization) and Econometrics as empirical methods.

I have published over 30 papers in journals, led relevant national projects bringing together different universities, institutions and stakeholders, and am acting consultant to the European Commission (Joint Research Center), World Property Intellectual Organization (UN), and the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science.

Professional experience

(external) researcher

Erasmus University Rotterdam
RSM - Rotterdam School of Management
Department of Technology and Operations Management


Key Publications (4)

Work in Progress

  • J.L. Zofio Prieto, M.B.M. de Koster, B.M. Balk & C. Kaps (2021). An Evaluation of Cross-Efficiency Methods: With an Application to Warehouse Performance. Applied Mathematics and Computation, To appear.

Scholarly Publications (38)

  • J. Aparicio, M. Kapelko & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2020). The Measurement of Environmental Economic Inefficiency with Pollution-generating Technologies. Resource and Energy Economics, 62. doi: 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2020.101185
  • B. Balk & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2020). Symmetric Decompositions of Cost Variation. European Journal of Operational Research, 185, 1189-1198. doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2020.02.034
  • B.M. Balk, J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2020). A Toolbox for Calculating and Decomposing Total Factor Productivity Indices. Computers and Operations Research, 115:104853. doi: 10.1016/j.cor.2019.104853
  • I. Alvarez, J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2020). A Data Envelopment Analysis Toolbox for MATLAB. Journal of Statistical Software, 95, 1-49. doi: 10.18637/jss.v095.i03 [go to publisher's site]
  • J. Aparicio & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2020). Economic Cross-Efficiency. Omega, 100,102374. doi: 10.1016/
  • J. Aparicio & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2020). New Definitions of Economic Cross-Efficiency. In J Aparicio, C.A. Knox Lovell, J. Pastor & J. Zhu (Eds.), Advances in Efficiency and Productivity II. New York: Springer Nature’s International Series in Operations Research & Management Science doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-41618-8_2
  • L. Orea & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2019). Common methodological choices in non-parametric and parametric analyses of firms’ performance. In W.H. William H. Greene & T. ten Raa (Eds.), Palgrave Handbook of Economic Performance Analysis (pp. 419-484). Cham: Palgrave-MacMillan doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-23727-1_12
  • C. Edquist, J.M. Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2018). On the meaning of innovation performance: Is the synthetic indicator of the Innovation Union Scoreboard flawed? Research Evaluation, 27 (3), 1-16. doi: 10.1093/reseval/rvy011
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto, J. Barbero & K. Behrens (2018). Industry location and wages: The role of market size and accessibility in trading networks. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 71, 1-24. doi: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2018.04.005
  • N. Gallego & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2018). Trade Openness, Transport Networks and the Spatial Location of Economic Activity. Networks and Spatial Economics, 18 (1), 205-236. doi: 10.1007/s11067-018-9394-1
  • I. Alvarez, J. Barbero, A. Rodríguez-Pose & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2018). Does institutional quality matter for trade? Institutional conditions in a sectoral trade framework. World Development, 106, 72-87. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.10.010
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto, J. Aparicio & J.T. Pastor (2017). Can Farrell's allocative efficiency be generalized by the directional distance function approach? European Journal of Operational Research, 257 (1), 345-351. doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2016.08.007
  • J. Aparicio, J.T. Pastor & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2017). Evaluating productive performance: A new approach based on the product-mix problem consistent with Data Envelopment Analysis. Omega, 67, 134-144. doi: 10.1016/
  • J. Aparicio, M. Kapelko, J.T. Pastor, J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2017). Testing the Consistency and Feasibility of the Standard Malmquist-Luenberger Index: Environmental Productivity in World Air Emissions. Journal of Environmental Management, 196, 148-160. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.007
  • I. Alvarez, J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2017). A panel data toolbox for MATLAB. Journal of Statistical Software, 76 (6), 1-28. doi: 10.18637/jss.v076.i06
  • J. Aparicio, J.T. Pastor & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2017). Revisiting the Decomposition of Cost Efficiency for Non-homothetic Technologies: A Directional Distance Function Approach. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 48 (2/3), 133-146. doi: 10.1007/s11123-017-0512-8
  • J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2016). The multiregional core-periphery model: The role of the spatial topology. Networks and Spatial Economics, 16 (2), 469-496. doi: 10.1007/s11067-015-9285-7
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto & A. Maroto (2016). Accessibility gains and road transport infrastructure in Spain: A productivity approach based on the Malmquist index. Journal of Transport Geography, 52, 143-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.03.008
  • I. Alvarez, J. Barbero & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2016). A spatial autoregressive panel model to analyze road network spillovers on production. Transportation Research. Part A, Policy and Practice, 93, 83-92. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.08.018
  • J. Aparicio, J.T. Pastor, F. Borras & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2016). Loss Distance Functions and Profit Function: General Duality Results. In J. Aparicio, C..A. Knox Lovell & J.T. Pastor (Eds.), Advances in Efficiency and Productivity. New York: Springer doi: 10.1007/798-3-319-48461-8_4
  • I. Alvarez, A.M. Condeço-Melhorado, J. Gutiérrez & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2016). Integrating network analysis and interregional trade to study the spatial impact of transport infrastructure using production functions. Regional Studies, 50 (6), 996-1015. doi: 10.1080/00343404.2014.953472
  • J. Aparicio, J.T. Pastor & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2015). How to properly decompose economic efficiency using technical and allocative criteria with non-homothetic DEA technologies. European Journal of Operational Research, 240 (3), 882.
  • A.M. Prieto, J.L. Zofio Prieto & I. Alvarez (2015). Cost economies, urban patterns and population density: The case of public infrastructure for basic utilities. Papers in Regional Science, 94 (4), 795-816. doi: 10.1111/pirs.12096
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto, A.M. Condeço-Melhorado, A. Maroto & J. Gutiérrez (2014). Generalized transport costs and index numbers: A geographical analysis of economic and infrastructure fundamentals. Transportation Research. Part A, Policy and Practice, 67, 141-157. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2014.06.009
  • J. Aparicio, J.T. Pastor & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2013). On The Inconsistency of the Malmquist-Luenberger Index. European Journal of Operational Research, 229, 738-743. doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2013.03.031
  • F. Jiménez-Sáez, J.M. Zabala-Iturriagagoitia & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2013). Who leads research productivity growth? Guidelines for R&D policy-makers. Scientometrics, 94, 273-303. doi: 10.1007/s11192-012-0763-0
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto, J. Aparicio & J.T. Pastor (2013). The Directional Profit Efficiency Measure: On Why Profit Inefficiency is either Technical or Allocative. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 40, 247-266. doi: 10.1007/s11123-012-0292-0
  • F. Jiménez-Sáez, J.M. Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J.L. Zofio Prieto & E. Castro-Martínez (2011). Evaluating Research Efficiency within National R&D Programs. Research Policy, 40, 230-241. doi: 10.1016/j.respol.2010.10.005
  • C. Arguedas, E. Camacho-Cuena & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2010). Environmental Policy Instruments: Technology Adoption Incentives with Imperfect Compliance. Environmental and Resource Economics, 47 (2), 261-274. doi: 10.1007/s10640-010-9375-4
  • R.A. Cuesta, C.A. Knox Lovell & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2009). Environmental Efficiency Measurement with Translog Distance Functions. Ecological Economics, 68, 2232-2242. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.02.001
  • J.L. Paramio & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2008). Labor Market Duality and Leisure Industries in Spain: Quality of Life versus Standard of Living. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 67 (4), 683-717. doi: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.2008.00591.x
  • A.M. Prieto & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2007). Network DEA Efficiency in Input-Output Models: With an Application to OECD Countries. European Journal of Operational Research, 178, 292-304. doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2006.01.015
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto (2007). Malmquist Productivity Index Decompositions: A Unifying Framework. Applied Economics, 39, 2371-2387. doi: 10.1080/00036840600606260
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto & A.M. Prieto (2006). Return to Dollar, Generalized Distance Function and the Fisher Productivity Index. Spanish Economic Review = Revista Espanola de Economia, 8, 113-138. doi: 10.1007/s10108-006-9004-0
  • R.A. Cuesta & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2005). Hyperbolic Efficiency and Parametric Distance Functions: With Application to Spanish Savings Banks. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 24, 31-48. doi: 10.1007/s11123-005-3039-3
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto & C.A. Knox Lovell (2001). Graph Efficiency and Productivity Measures: An Application to U.S. Agriculture. Applied Economics, 33, 1433-1442. doi: 10.1080/00036840010009865
  • A.M. Prieto & J.L. Zofio Prieto (2001). Evaluating Effectiveness in Public Provision of Infrastructure and Equipment: The Case of Spanish Municipalities. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 15, 41-58. doi: 10.1023/A:1026595807015
  • J.L. Zofio Prieto & A.M. Prieto (2001). Environmental Efficiency and Regulatory Standards: The Case of CO2 Emissions from OECD countries. Resource and Energy Economics, 23 (1), 68-83. doi: 10.1016/S0928-7655(00)00030-0