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Profile

Michaéla Schippers is Professor of Behaviour and Performance Management at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands. She holds a PhD from the Psychology Department at the Free University in Amsterdam. Prof. Schippers research interest covers goalsetting, team reflexivity, team performance, academic performance as well as ikigai (i.e. purpose in life), and life goals. She coined the term “life crafting” as a way to optimize performance and happiness. Other research interests include diversity, new ways of working, and social exclusion/inclusion. Her work was published in several leading academic journals, such as  Annual Review of Psychology, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Management, Journal of Management Studies, Personnel Psychology, Academy of Management Learning & Education, Journal of Organizational Behavior, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Frontiers in Psychology and Human Relations. Her work was picked up by the media on several occasions. She did interviews with among others CNN, New York Magazine, Oprah Magazine, Eindbazen podcast and NTR radio. A short video of her 2017 inaugural speech can be found here.  The full video is available via click here. Dr. Schippers was a visiting scholar at Harvard Business School. She is also an active member of the EER research database. Dr. Schippers is scientific director of the Erasmus Center of Study and Career Success (E=CS2) and Comenius Senior Fellow. 

Publications

  • Academic (36)
    • Hudig, J., Scheepers, A. W. A., Schippers, M. C., & Smeets, G. (2021). Motives for studying and student wellbeing: Validation of the motivational mindset model. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, [753987]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.753987

    • Freyhofer Alarcon, SA., Ziegler, N., de Jong, E. M., & Schippers, M. C. (2021). Depression and Anxiety in Times of COVID-19: How Coping Strategies and Loneliness Relate to Mental Health Outcomes and Academic Performance. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 682684. [682684]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.682684

    • Schippers, M. C., & Rus, D. C. (2021). Majority Decision-Making Works Best Under Conditions of Leadership Ambiguity and Shared Task Representations. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, [519295]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.519295

    • Konradt, U., Schippers, M. C., Krys, S., & Fulmer, A. (2021). Teams in Transition: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study of Reflection, Implicit and Explicit Coordination and Performance Improvements. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, [677896]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.677896

    • Hudig, J., Scheepers, AWA., Schippers, M., & Smeets, G. (2020). Motivational mindsets and reasons for studying: development and validation of a classification tool. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, [535801]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.535801

    • de Jong, E. M., Ziegler, N., & Schippers, M. C. (2020). From Shattered Goals to Meaning in Life: Life Crafting in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, [577708]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.577708

    • Schippers, M. C., Morisano, D., Locke, E. A., Scheepers, A. W. A., Latham, G. P., & de Jong, E. M. (2020). Writing about personal goals and plans regardless of goal type boosts academic performance. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 60, [101823]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2019.101823, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2019.101823

    • Schippers, M. C., Rauch, A., Belschak, F. D., & Hulsink, W. (2019). Entrepreneurial Intentions of Teams: Sub-Dimensions of Machiavellianism Interact With Team Resilience. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, [2607]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02607, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02607

    • Wessels, C., Schippers, M., Stegmann, S., Bakker, A. B., Baalen, P., & Proper, K. I. (2019). Fostering flexibility in the new world of work: A model of time-spatial job crafting. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, [505]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00505

    • Backmann, J., Weiss, M., Schippers, M., & Hoegl, M. (2019). Protective personality factors and student resiliency predicting academic achievement: A multi-wave study on the moderating role of achievement orientation. Learning and Individual Differences, 72, 39-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2019.04.004

    • Alexiou, A., & Schippers, M. (2018). Digital game elements, user experience and learning: A conceptual framework. Education and Information Technologies, 23(6), 2545-2567. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-018-9730-6

    • Alexiou, A., Khanagha, S., & Schippers, M. (2018). Productive organizational energy mediates the impact of organizational structure on absorptive capacity. Long Range Planning, 52(2), 155-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2018.02.001

    • Lee, K. Y., Duffy, M. K., Scott, K. L., & Schippers, M. (2017). The experience of being envied at work: How being envied shapes employee feelings and motivation. Personnel Psychology, 71(2), 181-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/peps.12251

    • Otte, K-P., Konradt, U., Garbers, Y., & Schippers, M. (2016). Development and validation of the REMINT: a reflection measure for individuals and teams. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(2), 299-313. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1261826

    • Konradt, U., Otte, K. P., & Schippers, M. (2016). Reflexivity in teams - a review and new perspectives. The Journal of Psychology, 150(2), 153-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2015.1050977

    • Schippers, M., Scheepers, AWA., & Peterson, J. B. (2015). A scalable goal-setting intervention closes both the gender and minority achievement gap. Palgrave Communications (online), 1, 15014. https://doi.org/10.1057/palcomms.2015.14

    • Konradt, U., Schippers, M., Garbers, Y., & Steenfatt, C. (2015). Effects of guided reflection and feedback on team performance improvement: The role of team regulatory processes and emergent cognitive states. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(5), 777-795. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2015.1005608

    • Scott, K. L., Tams, S., Schippers, M., & Lee, K. Y. (2015). Opening the black box: Why and when workplace exclusion affects social reconnection behavior, health and attitudes. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(2), 239-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2014.894978

    • Schippers, M., West, MA., & Dawson, JF. (2015). Team reflexivity and innovation: The moderating role of team context. Journal of Management, 41(3), 769-788. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206312441210

    • Scott, K. L., Zagenczyk, T. J., Schippers, M., & Purvis, R. L. (2014). Coworker exclusion and employee outcomes: The moderating role of perceived organizational and social support. Journal of Management Studies, 51(8), 1235-1256. https://doi.org/10.1111/joms.12099

    • Schippers, M., Edmondson, A. C., & West, M. A. (2014). Team reflexivity as an antidote to team information processing failures. Small Group Research, 45(6), 731-769. https://doi.org/10.1177/1046496414553473

    • Schippers, M. (2013). Social loafing tendencies and team performance: The compensating effect of agreeableness and conscientiousness. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 13(1), 62-81. https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.2012.0191

    • Schippers, M., Homan, AC., & van Knippenberg, D. (2013). To reflect or not to reflect: Prior team performance as a boundary condition of the effects of reflexivity on learning and final team performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(1), 6-23. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.1784

    • Alexiou, A., Schippers, M., & Oshri, I. (2012). Positive psychology and digital games: the role of emotions and psychological flow in serious games development. Psychology, 3(12A), 1243-1247. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2012.312A184

    • Van Lange, PAM., Schippers, M., & Balliet, D. (2011). Who volunteers in psychology experiments? A study of prosocial motivation in volunteering. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(3), 279-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.038

    • Schippers, M., & Hogenes, R. (2011). Energy management of people in organizations. Journal of Business and Psychology, 26, 193-203. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-011-9217-6

    • Sasovova, Z., Mehra, A., Borgatti, S. P., & Schippers, M. (2010). Network Churn: The Effects of Self-Monitoring Personality on Brokerage Dynamics. Administrative Science Quarterly, 55(4), 639-670. https://doi.org/10.2189/asqu.2010.55.4.639

    • Nederveen Pieterse, A., van Knippenberg, D., Schippers, M., & Stam, D. (2010). Transformational and transactional leadership and innovative behavior: The moderating role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 609-623. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.650

    • Widmer, PS., Schippers, M., & West, MA. (2009). Recent developments in reflexivity research: A review. Psychology, 2(2), 2-11.

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., Koopman, PL., & van Knippenberg, D. (2008). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing team reflexivity. Human Relations, 61(11), 1593-1616. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726708096639

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., & Koopman, PL. (2007). Reflexivity in teams: A measure and correlates. Applied Psychology, 56(2), 189-211. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2006.00250.x

    • van Knippenberg, D., & Schippers, M. (2007). Work group diversity. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 515-541. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085546

    • Schippers, M. (2006). The psychological benefits of superstitious rituals in top sport: A study among top sportspersons. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36(10), 2532-2553. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-9029.2006.00116.x

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., Koopman, PL., & Wienk, JA. (2003). Diversity and team outcomes: the moderating effects of outcome interdependence and group longevity and the mediating effect of reflexivity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(6), 779-802. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.220

    • den Hartog, DN., Schippers, M., & Koopman, PL. (2002). The impact of leader behavior on trust in management and co-workers. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(4), 29-34.

    • van Neerijnen, P., Figge, P., Tempelaar, M. P., & Schippers, M. (2021). Ambidexterity: Size matters! Reflexive climate and organizational TMS’s influence and the contingent effect of size. Journal of Small Business Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472778.2021.1981917

  • Professional (4)
    • Schippers, M. (2012). Why team reflexivity works. RSM Insight, 12(4), 18-19. http://hdl.handle.net/1765/40121

    • Baalen, P., Meulen, D., Bouwman, J., & Schippers, M. (2012). Task-location optimization in the Hybrid Workspace. Tijdschrift voor Ergonomie, 37(3), 28-32.

    • Schippers, M., Rook, L., & van de Velde, S. (2011). Crisis performance predictability in supply chains. RSM Insight, 7(3), 10-11. http://hdl.handle.net/1765/39946

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., & Koopman, PL. (2005). Reflexiviteit van teams: Ontwikkeling van een instrument. Gedrag en Organisatie, 18(2), 83-102.

  • Academic (3)
    • De Leeuw, S., Schippers, M., & Hoogervorst, S. (2016). The Fresh Connection: Cross-functional integration in Supply Chain Management. In E. Bendoly, W. VanWezel, & D. G. Bachrach (Eds.), Handbook of Behavioral Operations Management: Social and psychological dynamics in production and service settings Oxford.

    • Schippers, M., West, M. A., & Edmondson, A. C. (2016). Team reflexivity and innovation. In The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Teamwork and Collaborative Processes Wiley-Blackwell. in press

    • Schippers, M. (2001). Reflexiviteit als hulpmiddel. In H. Korevaar, Y. Politiek, & P. Spruit (Eds.), Managers en teams Samson.

  • Academic (8)
    • Dolgova, E., & Schippers, M. (2015). Co-evolution of perceptions of competence and friendship in teams: the effect of self-monitoring personality.. Annual Meeting of the International Network for Social Network Analysis (Sunbelt Conference), Brighton, UK.

    • Alexiou, A., Schippers, M., Oshri, I., & Dolgova, E. (2013). Exploring the real potential of serious games: The role of game features and individual differences on user engagement and learning.. EGOS Colloquium, Montreal, Canada.

    • Alexiou, A., Schippers, M., & Oshri, I. (2013). Exploring the learning potential of serious games: The role of game features and individual differences in user engagement and learning.. 29th EGOS (European Group of Organization Studies) Colloquium, Montreal, Canada.

    • Dolgova, E., & Schippers, M. (2012). Birds of a feather 2.0: Is there a personality-based homophily?. NYU Stern Medici Summer School 2012, Florence, Italy.

    • Dolgova, E., & Schippers, M. (2012). The effect of self-monitoring personality and expertise on relationship formation in groups.. European Academy of Management Annual Meeting (EURAM), Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

    • Neerijnen, P., Tempelaar, MP., Schippers, M., & Figge, P. (2012). Creating performance through ambidexterity: The role of a firm’s organizational transactive memory system and organizational reflexive climate. EURAM, Rotterdam, NL.

    • Neerijnen, P., Tempelaar, MP., Schippers, M., & Figge, P. (2012). Creating performance through ambidexterity: The role of a firm’s organizational transactive memory system and organizational reflexive climate. Annual Academy of Management Conference, Boston, USA, included in <i>The Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings</i>.

    • Neerijnen, P., Schippers, M., Tempelaar, M., & Figge, P. (2012). Creating performance through ambidexterity: The role of an organizational transactive memory system and organizational reflexive climate. Best paper proceedings Academy of Management Conference, Boston, United States..

  • Academic (2)
    • Wessels, C., Schippers, M., & Baalen, P. (2013). "Getting Engaged: It is more than saying 'yes'to your organization. How work engagement and its influencers affect Work-Life Balance and Job Satisfaction and the Moderating Role of Flexibl Working. In Proceedings of EAWOP

    • Schippers, M., & Homan, A. (2009). Breaking the negative performance spiral: The role of reflexivity and team learning. In Best paper proceedings Academy of Management, Chicago

  • Popular (1)
    • Schippers, M. (2017). IKIGAI: Reflection on Life Goals Optimizes Performance and Happiness. Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM). Inaugural Addresses Research in Management Series http://hdl.handle.net/1765/100484

Awards

Courses

Professional development I

  • Study year: 2021/2022
  • Code: BK1205
  • Level: Bachelor 1

BIM Master Thesis

  • Study year: 2021/2022, 2020/2021, 2019/2020
  • Code: BMMTBIM
  • Level: Master

BIM Thesis Clinic

  • Study year: 2021/2022, 2020/2021, 2019/2020
  • Code: BMRM1BIM
  • Level: Master

Professional Development I

  • Study year: 2021/2022
  • Code: BT1205
  • Level: Bachelor 1

Past courses

Professional development I

  • Study year: 2019/2020
  • Code: BK1105
  • Level: Bachelor 1

Professional Development I

  • Study year: 2019/2020
  • Code: BT1105
  • Level: Bachelor 1

SCM Honours Programme

  • Study year: 2019/2020, 2018/2019
  • Code: BMHONSCM
  • ECTS: 8 Level: Master

Advances in SCM

  • Study year: 2017/2018
  • Code: BMHON-SCM-A
  • ECTS: 4 Level: Master

Advances in SCM

  • Study year: 2017/2018
  • Code: BMHONSCM-A
  • ECTS: 6 Level: Master

Future of Work

  • Study year: 2016/2017, 2015/2016
  • Code: BMME011
  • ECTS: 6 Level: Master

Future of Work

  • Study year: 2014/2015, 2013/2014
  • Code: RSMME008
  • ECTS: 6 Level: Master

BIM research topics block 1

  • Study year: 2013/2014
  • Code: RSM03BIM
  • ECTS: 1 Level: Master

BIM research topics block 2

  • Study year: 2013/2014
  • Code: RSM06BIM
  • ECTS: 1 Level: Master

Managing the supply chain

  • Study year: 2013/2014
  • Code: RSM01SCM
  • ECTS: 4 Level: Master

Behaviour in organisations

  • Study year: 2012/2013
  • Code: BKB2010
  • ECTS: 6 Level: Bachelor 1

The future of work

  • Study year: 2012/2013
  • Code: BKMME178
  • ECTS: 10 Level: Master

Featured in the media

  • Rotterdamse universiteit neemt afstand van hoogleraar na coronauitspraak

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Universiteit neemt afstand van hoogleraar

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Universiteit neemt afstand van ‘Covid-1 t/m 18’ bewering van hoogleraar

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • EUR neemt afstand van RSM-hoogleraar na uitspraken over ‘Covid-1 tot en met 18’

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Erasmus Universiteit neemt afstand van eigen hoogleraar over COVID-uitspraak

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Erasmus Universiteit neemt afstand van uitspraken hoogleraar die het over ‘Covid-1 tot en met -18’ had

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Erasmus Universiteit neemt afstand van eigen hoogleraar over COVID-uitspraak

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Erasmus Universiteit neemt afstand van corona-uitspraken hoogleraar

    Erasmus University (EUR) and the RSM distance themselves from statements made by their professor Michaela Schippers in a YouTube program of Forum for Democracy. "Prof. Schippers makes statements in the media about the covid-19…

  • Na The Trump Show kun je concluderen: Trumps jaren in het Witte Huis zijn toch niet zo vlekkeloos verlopen

    TV review article of the past week. In the shadow of the violence of the US presidential election and the news surrounding the corona virus, Michaéla Schippers, professor of Behavior & Performance Management at the RSM, was in…

  • Medici tegen mondkapjes en andere coronamaatregelen

    Article about why many scientists are against the measures. If you would like to know more about the negative effects of the lockdown measures, we recommend the article by Professor Michaéla Schippers, professor of behavior…

  • Corona-regelgeving is dodelijk voor verslaafd Nederland

    Article about an ex drugaddict explaining the struggles the Corona measurements bring for addicts. Fear, isolation, loneliness, all these consquences are crucial for addicts. The research of Professor of Behavior & Performance…

  • Doe gewoon normaal, terug naar het lokaal

    Article about the impact of the intelligent lockdown and COVID measurements on mental, social and economic health. Professor of Behavior & Performance Management at the RSM Michaéla Schippers has written a clear, but…

  • 'Coronabeleid is erger dan het virus zelf'

    Article about the new measurements of the Corona Virus in the Netherlands. Professor Michaéla Schippers, a psychologist at the RSM, thinks the new 'lockdown light' is no fun. "I argue that the measures cause much more harm…

  • Dr. Jeckyl and Mr. Hyde

    An article that mentions Michaéla Schippers' article on the corona policy of the Dutch government.

  • ‘Nederlands coronabeleid veroorzaakt meer leed dan het voorkomt’

    Michaéla Schippers has written an article regarding the Dutch corona policy, aguing that the policy itself may do more harm than expected.

  • Het temmen van de man

    Michaéla Schippers, Professor in Behaviour and Performance Management at RSM has been mentioned in an article regarding her goal-setting method. She obliged all first-year students to set personal goals in an essay. They also…

  • Comenius Fellow-beurs voor drie RSM-medewerkers

    Three RSM faculty members of RSM: Michaéla Schippers, Irma Bogenrieder and René Olie have received the Comenius-Fellow scholarship. The scholarship has the aim so that they can implement educational innovations. …

  • Bijtijds luisteren voorkomt klokkenluiden

    An article that discusses the importance of whistleblowers and internal struggles. Employers must take internal reports of abuse seriously and not go after the reporter or whistleblower. They can prevent bribery by equipping…

  • Meet the speakers of TI-NL’s Seminar & Webinar: Blowing the Whistle

    On November 29, Michaéla Schippers of RSM will be a speaker at the seminar & webinar Blowing the Whistle – Pride, Prejudice & Protection, addressing the reputation of blowing the whistle hosted by Transparency International…

  • Studeren voor een ‘dikke auto’?

    An article written about Michaéla Schippers, Endowed Professor in Behaviour and Performance Management, at RSM. Her goal setting strategy, which she introduced at RSM, is taking under the loop.

  • Deze hoogleraren vonden hun publicaties terug in een ‘rooftijdschrift’

    Dr. Michaéla Schippers, Endowed Professor in Behaviour and Performance Management at RSM, has been mentioned in an article about how her publications were mentioned in predatory journals.

  • Streven naar studiesucces met aandacht voor studentenwelzijn

    The goal-setting method developed by Michaéla Schippers, Endowed Professor in Behaviour and Performance Management at RSM, has been mentioned in an article. Her method finds that students with an intervention are actively…

  • Dankzij de I WILL-campagne word jij een betere student (en gelukkiger)

    The famous "I WILL" statements which can be found all over the Erasmus University, sponsored by RSM, have much larger implications than one might think. Michaela Schippers, Endowed Professor in Behaviour and Performance Management…

  • Is de universiteit een segregatiemachine?

    Erasmus University is located in the most diverse city of the Netherlands, but mainly caters to white students. This phenomenon can also be seen in the medicine faculty. Associate Professor Karen Stegers-Jager of Erasmus MC…

  • Boosting Productivity

    This article discusses how one can boost their productivity, and provides ample tips as to how to go about it. RSM's Michaéla Schippers is quoted on her study on teams working in the healthcare environment - the outcome was that…

  • Good News for Young Strivers: Networking Is Overrated

    This article about networking for the New York Times references Michaéla Schippers (RSM)'s article on the effects of self-monitoring personality on brokerage dynamics.

  • Doelen stellen belangrijk voor vaardigheden en academische prestaties

    Setting goals enhances performance and happiness, and should be given more attention in education. In her inaugural speech on Friday, 16 June, Endowed Professor Michaéla Schippers argued that by using ikigai, a Japanese method of…

  • Neem Ikigai op in onderwijsprogramma hoger onderwijs

    Setting goals enhances performance and happiness, and should be given more attention in education. In her inaugural speech on Friday, 16 June, Endowed Professor Michaéla Schippers argued that by using ikigai, a Japanese method of…

  • 28 changes to make in your 20s to set yourself up for lifelong success

    This article on how to make the most out of your 20s references a study by Michaéla Schippers of RSM in the first tip - to write down your own goals. In the study, college students were instructed to write down a path toward…

  • How writing down life goals helps students boost their semester grades

    Dominique Morisano's research indicated that one could improve grades by having students write out life goals. Michaela Schippers set out to replicate Morisano's work where students are asked about what they want to learn, who…

  • Writing as if your life depended upon it -

    This article references a research done by Michaéla Schippers on goal-setting. "Most people grapple at some time or another with free-floating anxiety that saps energy and increases stress. Through written reflection, you may…

Featured on RSM Discovery

Professor’s opinion: Better decision-making in times of crises: is reflexivity the answer?

“New information calls for a change in direction, this is a step that policymakers need to be prepared for.”

Why team reflexivity works