According to Paul Chatterton, founder and lead of WWF Landscape Financial Lab, there are approximately 1,000 places in the world that need urgent sustainable management, but most problems of poverty, emissions and biodiversity loss occur only in 100 of them. If we can fix these problems in the next 10 years, the environment and the communities around the world will have benefited greatly. Each of this landscape restorations cost less than an aircraft carrier, so it is doable.
Today, there are many different worldwide initiatives to restore degraded landscapes. For example, the Bonn Challenge aims to bring 150 million hectares into restoration by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030. The United Nations General Assembly declared 2021–2030 the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. The New York declaration on Forests strive to halve deforestation by 2020 and to end it by 2030.
To restore this much of deforested and degraded land would require about 350 billion dollars each year, but the capital pledged so far is only 51 billion dollars a year, making a shortfall of 300 billion. This has created huge opportunities for mainstream investors looking to put their money in rewarding and sustainable projects.
Figure 1. Global funding for conservation and restoration